Souk Ahras
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In the past called “Thagasta” Souk-Ahras, the birthplace of Saint Augustin, was a base of control between north and the south and a way of important penetration at the time Romaine. The wilaya enorgueillit also to have itself inside its territorial limits, the town of “Madaourouch”, more known under the name of Madauros, this old Numide city set up in Roman colony towards the end of the 1st century, famous for its schools which formed considerable scholars of the time of which most famous are certainly “Holy Augustin “and the philosopher “Apulée”. To 37 km of Souk-Ahras, is the important archeological site of “Khamissa” (Tubirsicun-Numidarium) set up under the reign of the emperor Romain “Trajan” and who comprises important vestiges of antiquity. The release of the fight of national release in 1954 will make it possible the area of Souk-Ahras to confirm the importance of its strategic situation, while becoming the principal base of routing of the weapons of Tunisia towards the Algerian mountains and cities. The establishment of sadly the famous lines Challe and Maurice, on his territory, will mark of an indelible seal its participation in the armed struggle.

Souk-Ahras will also sadly remain famous for the battle which bears its name and which made into 1958 hundreds of victims in the two camps. It is besides with the importance of its geographical situation that it owes its history, rich in characters and high historical facts. Not crossing of the roads of Constantine, Guelma, Tébessa and Annaba, Souk-Ahras deserves well the term of “souk” which evokes the exchanges, the meetings and the communications. Wilaya with the hard and austere aspect, Souk-Ahras sees its future alienated with the cultivation of cereals and small and industrial medium-sized company.

Presentation of the wilaya of Ahras Souk

Geography:

The wilaya of souk-ahras, is located at the North-East of Algeria, its surface is of 4360 km2. it results from the administrative division of the year 1984. its borders are:

* In the north: Tarf

* In the east: Tunisia

* In the west: Guelma and Oum El Bouaghi

* In the south: Tebessa

the population is of 400.000 inhabitants

Administrative organization:

Ten (10) daira

twenty six communes

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Madaure

Madaure, currently daourouch, is to Me a town of Algeria located at 50 km of Thagaste (Souk-Ahras) in the North-East of the country in Aurès. At the time Roman, Madaure or Madaurius was attended by the students for his university considered for its specialization in philosophy. Saint-Augustin had made there his studies as well as the Apulée philosopher who in is originating.

 

Madaure: Archaeological city, Madaure or Madauros are located at the south-east of Souk-Ahras, the Thagaste antique.

This Roman city, is located at 45 km of Souk-Ahras and extends on 25 hectares, its creation goes back to year 75 before J-C under the reign of the Roman emperor Vespassien. This area is known for its cultural but so economic prosperity, since one cultivates cereals and olive.

At the time, Madaure was a large pole of scientific radiation and this, thanks to the university known under the presence of Apulée(*) and Saint Augustin.

In 534, it was the subject of an invasion of the Byzantines who modified urban fabric of the time, by installing a citadel in the middle very public place.

(*) Apulee or Lucien Thesus, Platonic philosopher of Madaure and polyglot, were born towards 124 after J-C in Madaure. Me daourouch currently, contemporary of the reigns of Antonin and Marc - Aurele.

It made brilliant studies in turn with Madaure, Carthage, Athens and Rome. Became rather lawyer and exerted in Rome but it had so much Algeria in the heart, that it went back there.

Master of reputation of the bar, famous lecturer, filled honors.

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Khemissa
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Archaeological city, Thuborsicus Numidarun, date of the 2nd century, the era of emperor TRAJAN, built on the debris of the city numidienne Thubersicum and extend on 65 hectares, area mountainous, the site marries contours of a triangle whose base is at the south and the top in north, one notices there besides, the presence of a tower of control called the “large one like”.

Towards the North-East, is located the Roman theatre, the new public place as well as monasteries and Roman baths.

   

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