Welcome to Jijel

The wilaya of Jijel is limited at the 0uest by the wilaya of Bejaia, at the South by Setif and Mila and by the wilaya of Skikda.
Its maritime facade of 120 Km is staked out of beaches to the thin sand surrounded with grassy forests. These forests are sometimes very populated of plant and animal species (Taza, Guerrouche, Tamazguida and Wadi -Zhor).

The mountainous massifs occupy 82% of the total surface. It is a Wilaya of agricultural vocation: it is characterized by one very elevated pluviometry with 1200 mm per year.

Jijel

This abundance of rains gives to the region a forest and arboreal vocation in zones of piedmonts and mountains encouraging cattle raising notably. The alluvial plains that occupy 18% of the total surface, constitute an asset for the Wilaya, because they are very fertile and offer production fodder and market gardener.

Jijel with its maritime coast, also conceal some piscatorial resources. Harbors of fishing of Ziamma Mansouriah and Jijel could contribute
Greatly to the growth of the production national
.

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Coast of Jijel

Except in the first kilometers while leaving from Jijel, the coast is everywhere rocky. Beaches are rare.

Islets punctuate the advanced of capes forming cliffs here gray and white, there of an ocher nearly orangey. These rockes, baffled the some in relation to the other, offer in direction of the west, that means of Bejaia a continuation of perspectives to aspects changing according to the hour of the day.

The sea normally a deep bruise becomes dull days of bad weather under the effect of alluviums rejected by the Soummam. With a minimum of welcome equipment, El Aouana and, especially, Ziama éaires.

To the East of Jijel the road of Constantine and Skikda borders a gritty coast marked of dunes before carrying up the Rhumel wadi. Two villages owed to the agrarian Revolution signal themselves by their cottages all new to the big roof of pink tiles, curiously pentu. A very big building to the entry of Jijel shelters an important tannery and factory of shoes.

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The national park of TAZA


The national park of Taza, of which the historic goes back at twenties, was
known as national park of Dar El Wadi and Taza, create by a governmental decree of August 28, 1923, its surface was only 230 hectares. The inventory not finished again of fauna and flora.

Concerning flora vegetation understands 420 utilitarian species either 14% of the national plant heritage cash, subspecies and varieties. 50 endemic, rare plant species either threatened of disappearance, 137 species to statute of plants referenced medicinal aromatic and/or, 20 species to ornamental interest, 17 species of trees and bushes to considerable interest of species to interest zootechnique, textile or other.
In this fan one finds the superior mushrooms of which 132 species have been inventoried also (;have a considerable number of edible species.

Concerning fauna mammals total inventoried 14 species, either a rate of 20% of the national wealth of which 10 species protégés by the law. It exists in this big natural reserve, a few 99 forest bird species, of birds of prey and birds of water inventoried, what represents a rate of 27% of the national wealth with, about, 29 species protégés by the law of which the famous sittelle endemic Kabyle clean to forests of Jijel and Sétif.
It is to signal that the other resource inventory others that the one quoted is under realization by the direction of the park. It is about batrachian, reptilian and bugs. Other resources present a big importance in this park as landscapes, the forest typology, sites géomorphologic, archaeological, geological, tourist, sporty sites and of leisures.

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The history of Jijel

One doesn't nearly know anything of jijel, of the V " to the X " centuries.
The invasion vandal didn't stop itself of it. No vestige of the VIS " and VII " centuries didn't arrive until Jijel, but it is probable that at this time the Byzantine can occupy the city. They had not disregarded the strategic interest of such a maritime room maybe. Also enveloped of darkness, the first times of the Arabian conquest. Nothing outside of a passage of the geographer Al Yacoub that mentions the city at the end of the IX " century.

And then, the history of Jijel confounds itself brutally, with the one of the Kutamas. This famous tribe, subdivided in score of clans, occupied the biggest part of the oriental Kabylie, inaccessible natural shelter understood between the hinterland of Bédjaia and the one of Mila.

One knows the dai how Abou abdallah, man of action of Allah Ubayd, mahdi of the Shiites, raised this Berber islamiséses and dragged them to the conquest of the Agtilabide kingdom of Kairouan that they crushed, giving birth to the new dynasty of the Fatimideses.
The site of Ikjan, nominee by the historian Ibn Khaldoun as the place of prédication of Abdallah Abou, is not localized again definitely. One generally placed him close to the old village of Roebuck, enter Jijel and Sétif, but, in last analysis it would be necessary to bring closer it a lot more of the city of Mila.

It is toward the end of the X " century, the geographer Al Muqaddasi mentions the city of Jijel again. About hundred years later, the geographer El Bekri, using some older documents, note that the city is now lived " (what implies a previous abandonment, with difficulty datable), that it contains " some remnants of old monuments ets that the ores of copper of the Kétamiennes mountains are transported in Ifrikiya and elsewhere ".

All this period, however, doesn't make outside relation state. However, in the second half of the XI century, the Christian powers of 0ccident started their maritime rebirth. The history of Jijel was going to belong henceforth to the Mediterranean world. The initiative first came us from Sicily. It is hardly surprising. Since a high antique the possession of the strait of Sicily constituted the major asset of the liberty or the closing of navigation in Western Mediterranean. The Carthaginian, masters of the two strands, had controled the passage of it authoritatively.

 

Romans delighted them this privilege. Arabs with the occupation of Sicily, re-established the balance to their profit.
It was unavoidable that the new masters of island, Normen, were attracted, reciprocally, by coasts of Africa. In the middle of the XII " century, their powerful king Roger II launched against kingdoms from the Maghreb many maritime raids destined to control several rooms - strong. It was the time where Zirides and Hammadites, related and hostile dynasties, shared the central Maghreb. However, the emir Hammadite of Bédjaïa, Yahia Ibn El Aziz, was made Jijel build itself/themselves a palace where, according to the tradition he sheltered its dissolute living.

In the year 1143, the Christian fleet of Roger II of Sicily, ordered by the famous Georges admiral of Antioquia, presented himself before Jijel, whose inhabitants ran away toward countries and the neighboring mountains. Francs (hear: Normen) having entered in the city, destroyed it completely and candle fire in the castle of pleasure that the emir Yahia was had himself/itself constructed. After this exploit they returned themselves of it at home. Actually, the Norman occupation was less ephemeral. The Djidjeliens built a fortress in the surrounding mountains, and every summer, to the arrival of the Sicilian fleet, reveals us the geographer El Idrisi who wrote precisely for the king Roger II, they took refuge of it, letting in the city that some men and some goods. Normen, on the other hand, took advantage of the commercial exchanges.
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Marvelous underground cave
Discovered at the time of the breakthrough of the tunnel by which pass the RN 43, they constitute a marvel of the nature, formed of stalctites and stalagmites in a feric decor.

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