Bejaia
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Population : 916.000 inhabitants

Communes of Bejaia: (Wilaya Code: 06).

Adekar, Ait Rizine, Ait Smail, Akbou, Akfadou, Amalou, Amizour, Aokas, Barbacha, Béjaia, Beni Djellil, Beni Ksila, Beni Maouch, Beni Melikeche, Boudjelli, Bouhamza, Boukhelifa, Chelata, Chimini, Darguina, Draa Kaid, El Kseur, Ferraoun, Ifelain Ilmathen, Ighil Ali, Ighram, Kendira, Kherrata, Leflaye, Melbou, Oued Ghir, Ouzellaguen, Seddouk, Semaoun, Sidi Aich, Sidi Ayad, Sidi Said, Souk El Thenine, Souk Oufella, Tala Hamza, Tamokra, Tamridjet, Taourit Ighil, Taskriout, Tazmalt, Thinabdher, Tibane, Tichy, Tifra, Timzrit, Tizi N'Berber, Toudja.

Bejaia was the capital of Hammadites which was to give up their mountain capital LKalaâ N Blessed-Hammad to be installed on these shores open on the world. In 1067 Nasser the name of Naciria gave him, then his son El Mansour made of it his political and cultural capital in 1090. Today, place chief of the department (Wilaya) of Vallé of Soummam. It offers to its visitors of many places of interest, of which the museum which, in addition to its section antiquity, has a department of paintings, an important collection of birds and insects of Africa, a room of reading of the library arranged in an old arched cistern and a mosaic which decorates the hall of the Town hall.

 

Contain many historical vestiges and natural sites which testify still today to the record of its long history. Its urban fabric is characterized by an uninterrupted continuity of occupation since antiquity.  The destruction of the identity of the town of Bejaia started since 16th century with the Spanish invasion. After a long duration of stagnation during the Turkish period, where it lost its statute of capital. This destruction was accentuated with the French invasion, in 1833. The city has today many sites and monuments dating from the periods Spanish, Turkish and French. It lost many works dating from the medieval period and whose fame had exceeded the borders. It is the case in particular, of the Hammadites Pales of the etoly, Amiùoun and the Pearl.

The candle was born in Bougie: Candle, the francized shape of Arabic Bejaia, car his name of that of a Berber tribe which occupied, a time, the Saldae antique. It produced a wax of a great quality, that Europe imported with large expenses. The candle of grease or wax appears at the beginning of the II millenium, but lighting will not progress before the Middle Ages. In 11th century, Europe still lights with the oil lamp and with small the tallow candle. Three centuries later, the “candle” crosses the Mediterranean, like a product of luxury.  Candle (Bgayet into Berber, Arabic Bidjaïa, Spanish and Italian Bugia, Latin Buzea)), town of Algeria which gave its name to the small candles.

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yemma gouraya

For the walks, to assemble in Yemma Gouraya 660 m of altitude, where a Fort built by the Spaniards is, it east 14 km of sinuous road, while passing by the Peak of the Monkeys. The road of the Cape Carbon passes by a wood of pines and olive-trees and circumvents Gouraya, where a tunnel dug in the rock leads to a marvellous site of cliff and sea vis-a-vis the course. A path goes down until the floods to go up in the summit meeting of the Cape to 220 m with the highest headlight of the Mediterranean. Always in the west, a path circumvents cliff towards a famous site: the handle of Ayguades where the Spaniards in 1507 had unloaded. It is the place of meeting of the young people for picnics, bathes in papered bay of rollers. Then, towards the Cape Sigli (40 km) until Azzefoun a wild beauty marks the circuit. In Cape Sigli, the area is famous for its abundance of underwater fauna. The Road of Cêdres passes by Toudja (22 km) - fed out of drinking water by a Roman aqueduct. Beyond that, it is the cornice: Tichy is luxurious the appendix-holidays of Béjaia, one arrives at Aokas and Souk el Tenine. Djebel Babor, classified National park whose peaks reach 2004 m, to 15 km of the coast, and the Throats of Kherrata deserve a stop. Towards the South, the Valley of Soummam, between Djurdjura and Babors, is bordered of cities (Wadi Amizour, El Kseur, Sidi-Aich, Seddouk, Ighzer-Amokrane, Akbou, Tazmalt, Ighil-Ali, and Blessed-Mansour). The valley is agricultural, but the historic sites do not miss. Many Roman ruins are on the level of El Kseur and Oued Amizour, in Seddouk, one will find there fall it from Sheik Bel Haddad, Ifri, the village which had accomodated the Congress of Soummam, not far from Akbou, the thermal spa Sidi Yahia, and more in the south, close to Ighil Ali, native village of the family of Taos, Ferhat Amrouche, Kelaâ Beni Hemmad.

 

Cap Carbon

At a few hours of Marseilles and Algiers, opposite Toulon at the bottom of a golf with blue and transparent water, surrounded by a true circus of high mountains, whose summits remained covered with snow until the beginning of the summer, boldly built on the mountainsides of Gouraya which dominates of its giant mass marvellous roads pointing out at the same time the gulf of Naples and the Geneva Lake, the vain town of Candle, which a princely traveller, the Sal archduke of Austria named poetically: “The Pearl of North Africa”, is offered to the surprised visitor who discovers it abruptly, while arriving   from Algiers by sea, a such nest of greenery in the abrupt cliff whose walls notched by the secular attacks of the waves sheltered a long time in their deep caves the boats of the daring barbaresque pirates.  The privileges which its geographical position offers to him, it is located between the sea and the mountain and has the charm of the small Italian towns of fishermen. The streets are narrow and climbing. from its situation between the sea, the solid masses and the configuration of its relief and its littoral, Béjaia holds enormous tourist and historical richnesses.   For the balneal, the course of dimension, long tourism, 100 km will make discover with the visitors the beauty of the beaches and the courses in particular: Tichy, Watering places, Aokas, Souk-El-Ténine, Cliffs, Boulimat, Saket, Cape Carbon, Cape Bouak, course Sigli…)   In the field of climatic tourism and hydrotherapy, Béjaia has important not yet developed natural sites

     

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